Our roads are getting safer, as fatality figures for last year are well down on the year before.
Northern Ireland Road Safety Strategy (NIRSS) 2019 report shows that in 2018:
- There were 55 fatalities in road traffic collisions. This represents a reduction of 56% from the 2004-2008 Strategy baseline figure (126), and a fall of 13% from 2017. This is the fourth year in a row to see a reduction in fatalities, following two years of increasing numbers since the historic low of 48 in 2012. The 2020 target is to have 50 or fewer fatalities on our roads.
- There were 730 people seriously injured in road traffic collisions. This is 6% less than the number recorded in 2017 and 34% less than the baseline figure of 1,111. SI numbers rose by 16% between 2015 and 2016; however, it would appear this may just have been a temporary spike, with numbers in 2017 and 2018 falling again. Despite this decrease, numbers in 2018 are still 19% greater than the target of 611.
- There were 63 children (aged 0 to 15) killed or seriously injured (KSIs) in road traffic collisions - five fewer than in 2017. This represents a reduction of 51% from the baseline figure (128), and is the lowest number recorded since the strategy began. However, the number of child KSIs recorded in 2018 is still 9% above the target of 58.
- There were 173 young people (aged 16 to 24) KSIs in road traffic collisions, four (2%) fewer than the number recorded in 2017 and 53% below the baseline (366). The number recorded in 2018 is the lowest recorded since the strategy began and if the current trend continues, the target (165) could be met by 2020.
- Over the three year period 2016-2018, novice drivers (new drivers within 2 years of passing their ‘category B’ driving test) were involved in road traffic collisions that resulted in the death or serious injury of, on average, 92 people each year. This represents a 13% decrease from the 105 average number of KSIs recorded during the 2015-2017 period and is 57% below the 2008-2010 baseline average of 214 KSIs per annum.
- The greatest proportion of these 92 KSI casualties (36%) were from collisions that involved a driver within six months of passing their test. This compares with 21% from collisions involving drivers within 7-12 months, 14% from collisions involving drivers within 13-18 months, and 28% from collisions involving drivers within 19-24 months of passing their test. This highlights the increased risk associated with new drivers in the first 6 months after passing their driving test.
- In 2018, over two thirds (67%) of vehicles exceeded the speed limits on built-up roads (all road types up to 40mph) under free-running conditions (11pm-7am). This is 2 percentage points lower than the rate recorded in 2017 but 3 percentage points higher than the baseline rate.
- On non-built-up roads, the proportion of vehicles exceeding the speed limits, under free-running conditions, was greatest on dual carriageways (47%), followed by single carriageways above 40mph (24%) and motorways (16%).
- The corresponding non-compliance rates during the hours of 7am-11pm, when most travelling occurs and congestion serves to dampen vehicle speeds are: 37% on built-up roads, 30% on dual carriageways, 11% on single carriageways above 40mph, and 17% on motorways.
- Car users had the lowest rate of KSIs per kilometres travelled (3 KSIs per 100 million kilometres travelled by car or van) compared to other road user groups, and hence are at less risk. Motorcyclists had the greatest rate (324 motorcycle KSIs per 100 million kilometres travelled by motorcycle), with the rates for pedal cyclists (49 pedal cycle KSIs per 100 million kilometres cycled) and pedestrians (30 pedestrian KSIs per 100 million kilometres walked) falling in between.
- People over the age of 70 had 39 KSIs per 100,000 population. This rate is 16% below that recorded in 2017. Although the number of people over 70 killed or seriously injured in 2018 (79) was just 1% greater than the baseline figure (78), due to the growth in this population group over the last decade, the 2018 rate actually works out to be 22% below the baseline (50.2).
- There were 36 people killed in collisions on rural roads. The numbers recorded in 2018 are down 12% on 2017 (41), and are similar to the levels recorded in the years 2011 to 2013. Fatalities on rural roads are now 61% below the baseline figure of 92.
- There were 14 people killed in road traffic collisions where alcohol or drugs was attributed. This is one more than was recorded in 2017; however, the number is the joint second lowest number recorded since 2012. The rate in 2018 is half that of the baseline level of 28; however, the series has experienced significant rises and falls year on year making it difficult to establish a clear trend across the full period.
- There were 218 KSIs resulting from collisions involving drivers under the age of 25. This is a 7% decrease from the number recorded in 2017 (235) and is the lowest number recorded since 2013 (215). Although numbers in 2018 are 49% below the baseline number (425), the rolling average shows that the historic downward trend began levelling off in 2011 and appears fairly stable in recent years.
- The most common reason cited for feeling unsafe when walking by the road was that there was no footpath, with 35% of all Travel Survey (from the Travel Survey for 2015-2017) respondents giving this answer. Over a quarter said that heavy traffic, motorists driving without consideration, and traffic travelling above the speed limit made them feel unsafe (all with similar percentages of 29%, 27% and 25% respectively).
- More than half of respondents (55%) felt unsafe when cycling due to heavy traffic, whilst 49% felt unsafe because of motorists driving without consideration of cyclists.